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What Was Tashkent Agreement

The Tashkent Declaration was a peace agreement between India and Pakistan, signed on 10 January 1966, which resolved the 1965 Indo-Pakistan war. Peace was achieved on 23 September by the intervention of the external powers that pushed the two nations to the truce, lest the conflict intensify and attract other powers. [1] The first Indo-Pakistan War, known as the First Kashmir War (October 22, 1947-January 5, 1949), took place shortly after the independence of India and Pakistan. A ceasefire agreement has led to the establishment of the Line of Control (LOC) as the de facto border between India and Pakistan in Kashmir. The declaration only ended the hostilities between India and Pakistan, but left the issue of Kashmir between the two, and neither side has been able to reach an agreement to date. In accordance with Tashkent`s statement, ministerial talks were held on 1 and 2 March 1966. Despite the fact that these talks were unproductive, diplomatic exchanges continued in the spring and summer. The results of these discussions were not obtained due to differences of opinion on the Kashmir issue. The news of Tashkent`s statement shocked the people of Pakistan, who expected India to make more concessions than they got.

Things got even worse when Ayub Khan refused to speak and went to solitary confinement instead of announcing the reasons for signing the agreement. Protests and riots took place at various locations in Pakistan. [3] To dispel the anger and concerns of the people, Ayub Khan decided to take the matter before the people on 14 January 1966. This is the difference with Tashkent`s statement that eventually led to the impeachment of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto from the Ayub government, which later founded his own party, the Pakistan People`s Party. Although Ayub Khan was able to satisfy the concerns of the people, Tashkent`s declaration significantly tarnished his image and was one of the factors that led to his downfall. [8] An agreement signed by Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Ayub Khan in the Soviet city of Tashkent to end the Second Indo-Pakistan War on Kashmir.